Hepatitis E – Treatment

In the process of diagnosis of the existence of the hepatitis E virus in the human body will solely depend in finding hepatitis E specific antibodies within their blood and in their stool thus the existence of the hepatitis E virus. Also studies have shown that there will be an increase in liver enzymes when hepatitis E virus is symptomatic and acute and will include gamma glutamyl transpeptidase GGT and alanine aminotransferase ALT, which will surely indicate to liver damage or inflammation. IgM antiodies also known as Immune Globulin Class M will be released into the body by the immune system right after the infection with hepatitis E virus to fight off any antigen or foreign substance that the virus will bring but this type of concentration will minimize in almost six months on the onset of a hepatitis E virus infection.

 

Due to this reaction this a very good way to determine if a person will be infected, the number of immune globulin class m antibodies present being as a strong proof of the existence of the virus, of the stage of the illness and the damage that was caused to the liver. At the present there is no vaccine that will prevent infection with the hepatitis E virus. Neither the immunoglobulin that can be prepared from the plasma that will be collected from hepatitis E infected patients will be effective in the prevention with such a virus. Studies have been made to develop such a vaccine and there have been some experimental hepatitis E vaccine that was tested on animals, the results of it being a decrease on the level of the infection but not a total prevention of the infection from the body.

Thus a specific treatment for the hepatitis E virus is not available and the only thing that the medical staff can help in is monitoring the patient and trying to bring down to a minimum the symptoms that a person may present as a consequence to the infection with such a virus. In most cases a full recovery without any chronic sequalae will present and there will be not a urgency need in intervention but at the same time there are cases of infection where the patient will have hepatic failure and will be transported to a center that will e capable to perform liver transplants, this being the only solution before a this virus being fatal to that person.

Prevention is the most important tool that is used in the fight with the hepatitis E virus and in areas of the world where this type of virus is more commonly present water and food sanitation will be warranted most especially for the individuals that will e immunosuppressed. Sadly this type of infection has become an autochthonous infection due to the industrialized countries and the commonality of its nature.

hepatitis, immune, infection, liver, present, prevention, type, vaccine, virus, viruses