Conjunctivitis is a very common eye disease, especially in children, which is characterized by inflammation of connective tissue lining.
Conjunctivitis is caused by germs or microbes that can cause the so called pink-eye conjunctivitis.
Patients feel sore, strain eye, sensation of sand in your eyes, itching, stinging.
Eye allergies encompass a heterogeneous group of pathological disorders of the eye, predominantly in the conjunctiva, the cause is an exaggerated immune response and body reactions to certain substances called allergens.
It is believed that one in 10 persons had at least one lifetime episode of allergy, the body coming into contact with over 14,000 chemicals.
The eye is constantly subjected to numerous assaults: allergens transmitted through air, but also by contact – cosmetics, maintenance solutions for contact lenses, topical antibiotics and other substances. Increasing incidence of these diseases is due to environmental changes and individual experience: climate change, vegetation change, pollution and other individual factors.
Giant-papillary conjunctivitis – can be caused by trauma caused by rubbing the edge of the tarsal conjunctiva of contact lenses, eye prosthesis, surgical sutures, or spontaneously – “floppy eyelid syndrome” – rubbing the eyelid pillow. The mechanism is complex and poorly understood.
What are the symptoms of giant papillary conjunctivitis?
It affects both eyes at the same time, though sometimes one eye is more severely affected than the other. The main symptom is itching at eye level.
Conjunctiva (mucous membrane covering the whites of the eyes and inner eyelids) becomes swollen and red, although the remains usually intact. Although allergic conjunctivitis may occur alone, it is usually associated with allergic rhinitis.
Signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis are:
Itching and burning of the eyes
Dilation of blood vessels in the conjunctiva, leading to the redness of conjunctiva
Watery eyes or mucous secretions
Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
Blurred vision (sometimes)
Sleep disorders (insomnia)
Unlike other types of conjunctivitis, this one is not contagious.
In bacterial conjunctivitis, eye discharge is usually thick and creamy; in allergic or viral conjunctivitis eye discharge is clear.
Complications of seasonal or perennial allergic conjunctivitis are extremely rare.
Complications of conjunctivitis and giant papillary dermato-conjunctivitis
There is a greater chance of complications regarding these two types of conjunctivitis.
There is a risk that the cornea (keratitis) gets inflamed. Keratitis can cause ulcers to form on the cornea, increasing significantly the risk of scarring, which can cause permanent vision impairment.
Symptoms of keratitis:
* Severe pain in his eyes
Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
* Blurred vision
* A feeling that there is something in the eye.
Since the first consultation to an ophthalmologist, the patient is informed about some important hygiene aspects regarding keeping glasses and contact lenses clean.
Otherwise (e.g., wearing the lenses overnight, which shows no such indication, wearing damaged lenses, etc.), the risk of side effects such as giant-papillary conjunctivitis, keratitis (inflammation of the cornea), corneal ulcers grows considerably.
As an evolving self-limiting disease, conjunctivitis heals properly after the treatment, but may also disappear without treatment after a certain period of time.
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