CesarianCesarian birth is a delivery performed with surgical assistance. The procedure involves performing incisions in the abdomen and uterus of the mother to extract the baby.
A cesarian birth can be performed while being planned ahead, or it can be a last-minute intervention applied to a problem that occured during delivery; at times it can be the optimal solution both for the mother and the baby.
A cesarian delivery may be the best option for a woman that is carrying twins or triplets, or also if the baby’s position is not prepared for natural birth and complications may arise.
Sometimes there are problems during delivery that require such an invasive intervention, like labor problems: it can happen that the contractions are not effective and the cervix does not open enough to let the baby pass through.
Complications regarding the baby
Sometimes, during labor and delivery, the baby can get into serious trouble and its life may be put in danger: the umbilical cord or the placenta may present a problem that leads to the baby not getting enough oxygen.
Sometimes the placenta may block the baby’s way out through the cervix. This situation also requires a surgical intervention.
C-section is also recommended in the cases when the baby has a health or development problem (a malformation such as hydrocephalus)
Preparation before the procedure
Before the operation, the mother starts receiving intravenous medication and fluids and the bladder is kept empty by using a catheter. Also, in order to prevent complications from stomach acids getting into the lungs and other organs, anti-acid medication is administered.
There are different types of anesthesia that can be used. The mother can be asleep completely, or can be numbed from the waste down by administering and epidural shot or a spinal block (injection into the spinal fluid).
Depending on each case, the incision can be vertical or horizontal (preferred). The horizontal one heals faster and it leaves less obvious scars.
Sometimes the baby is not positioned right and a vertical incision is required. The incision done in the abdomen does not have to be the same kind as the one made in the uterus.
After the baby is taken out, the umbilical cord is removed, as well as the placenta; the uterus is stitched back together with dissolvable stitches, and then the skin incision is closed .
As in any other surgery, complications can occur because of infections, loss of blood, blood clots or adverse reactions towards medicine and/or administered anesthesia.
The baby will be delivered through the incisions, the umbilical cord will be cut, and then the placenta
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