ArteryCoronary artery occurs when the blood vessels that supply the heart with blood and oxygen are damaged or with some kind of disease. The main cause of this disease is cholesterol. The deposits that contain cholesterol named plaques build up and narrow the coronary arteries, so that the heart receives less blood.
This condition dose not appear overnight . It develops in time and that’s way it can stay unnoticed for a long period.
One of the symptom of coronary artery problems is chest pain or angina . This is triggered by stress, emotionally or physically . The sensation of pressure or tightness go away after the situation is changed and the stressful activity is stopped but this should raise some questions. The pain can also be sharp and felt at the arm level or in the back. Another symptom is shortness of breath because the heart can’t pump enough blood to satisfy the body’s needs . The most severe of the symptoms is heart attack . You will feel pain in your arm, crushing pressure in your chest, sweating. It’s possible that women feel jaw pain and nausea. Sometimes an heart attack occurs without feeling nothing.
The coronary artery disease can begin early in life with a damage of the inner layer of a coronary artery. This situation can be caused by: high cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, radiation therapy , diabetes. Once the damage is done, plaques are likely to accumulate and this process is called atherosclerosis.
There are some risk factors that can lead to this condition like age. Getting older increases the risk of coronary artery disease. Men are more prone to this condition but the risk in case of women is high after menopause. Obesity and high stress are also 2 important risk factors . Nicotine harms blood vessels. The frequency of heart attack in women that smoke is at least six times that of women who have never tried a cigarette . Also uncontrolled high blood pressure is a risk because it can harden the arteries narrowing the blood channel. Other unusual factors may be : fibrinogen, a protein that plays an important role in blood clotting. Too much fibrinogen can cause a bulk t to form in an artery; excessive levels of homocysteine; high CRP levels may also be a risk factor.
In order to treat coronary artery disease the patient has to change his lifestyle, to quit smoking, to lose weight if necessary, to eat healthy and to pick up a sport or some kind of physical activity. A good life style can also be a way of preventing coronary artery disease.
Among the drugs that will be used in this condition are : aspirin(blood thinner), beta blockers(decrease blood pressure ), nitroglycerin( open coronary arteries), or cholesterol-modifying medications. In order to improve the blood flow a coronary artery bypass surgery may be performed or an stent placement and an angioplasty.
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