AqueousThere is a variety of treatments available in healing glaucoma the common denominator being the fact that all of them will reduce the intraocular pressure by trying to reduce the production of aqueous or by improving aqueous flow and in some comes both characteristics. Sadly, glaucoma will not be ever fully cured and the damage that it provoked will not be reversed but treatments and regular check-ups can prevent patients in completely losing their sight. If some visual loss has already happened, the recommended treatment may slow down the process in preventing any further vision loss.
The most common treatment that a medic will recommend to a patient will be medicated eye drops. It is very important that they will be used exactly as they were prescribed due to the nature of their effect and because if you increase the amount of drops per day in the hopes of getting a positive reaction you will end up damaging your optic nerve even more.
Some eye drops may be absorbed into the blood stream so there can be some visible side effects like nausea or vomiting thus if you would want to reduce the risks of being in this situation after applying the eye drops try closing your eyes from about three minutes. Prostaglandin like compounds will be the kind of eye drops that will surely increase your outflow of aqueous humor. The beta blockers will reduce this highly important outflow, all depending on what stage is the glaucoma really in.
If you have diabetes and you are taking insulin your doctor will surely avoid recommending beta blockers but may test alpha-agonists that will reduce the production of the aqueous humor and increase the drainage but can have some annoying side effects like dry mouth, dizziness, itchy, red or swollen eyes or some allergic reactions. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors can also be very helpful in reducing the production of the aqueous humor but can have as side effects a tingling sensation in toes and fingers and frequent urination.
Miotic or cholinergic agents and epinephrine compounds will have the same result in increasing the flow but will have more severe side effects like palpitations, anxiety, increased blood pressure; sweating, allergic reactions, increased salivations and the list may go on. If the eye pressure will not be at the desired level due to the treatment with the eye drops than the medic will surely recommend you to take some oral medication, which will be most commonly in the form of carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. If you want to reduce the side effects that they may have you will have to take them while eating thus a combination will be made in terms of substance.
They may cause tingling sensations in toes and fingers and frequent urination but there are rare cases where this medication cause depression, a metallic taste in all consumed beverages, fatigue, lethargy, stomach aches and kidney stones. Taking into account that the list is quite impressive and not in a good way it is highly recommended that you would check up by your doctor at least once per year.
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