Anemia

Iron deficiency can cause liver diverse.Insufficient iron deposit occurs in children and premature infants of mothers with severe anemia. The deficit occurs in infants fed exclusively with cow’s milk, after 4 months of age.

Iron content in cow’s milk is 0.75-1mg / l, while the mother’s milk is 1.5-5mg / l. The need for iron is higher in the first years of life and at puberty, due to the rapidity of growth. Therefore, relatively early in the introduction of solid foods, infant nutrition, iron-rich and diversification are essential to prevent anemia.

It was assumed that the transition of iron in intestinal cells is dependent on the formation of ferritin, which, if it accumulates, blocks the transfer and temporary ceases the absorption of iron. Currently, it is estimated that iron can cross the intestinal mucosa, penetrating into the cells through an active enzyme, regulated by an independent body and the training needs of ferritin. It was found that bivalent iron is absorbed from 1.5 to 15 times faster than trivalent iron.

Iron can be absorbed over the entire surface of the intestinal mucosa. Some substances (ascorbic acid, fructose) promote absorption, and others such as phosphates and carbonates inhibit it.

Recurrent or protracted diarrheal disorders, chronic diarrhea, celiac disease are some of possible causes of insufficient absorption of iron in the organism. Intestinal mucosal abnormalities have a similar effect, alternating losses similar to those of serum proteins chronic gastrointestinal bleeding. Exudative enteropathy may occur secondary to dietary deficiency of iron. Exudative enteropathy may be also due to other causes (e.g., allergy to cow’s milk proteins) and leads to loss of iron.

Chronic hemorrhage caused by iron deficiency. The cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and infection can be increased with tricocefal ankilostoma.

Normally, iron is removed by: peeling skin cells, hair loss, nail cutting, sweating. The most important route of elimination is the gut (unabsorbed iron), but the amount of fecal iron is difficult to assess. Elimination of iron in urine is exceptional and insignificant.

Milk and milk products are low in iron and iron content can quickly unbalance the body, causing iron deficiency anemia. Children are at risk if they consume large amounts of dairy products, especially in combination with sugar and white flour (this also being recognized for low iron content). Experts recommend parents not to give children more than 250-300 ml of milk per day.

Another group at risk of anemia is represented by teenagers due to growth (development meets a peak at this age) and poorly alimentary regime.

Clinical signs and symptoms are similar, regardless of cause.

Pallor is characteristic in case of iron deficit. Patients have low muscular tone, their hair is dry and brittle, tend to be constipated. Sweating is abundant, along with decreased resistance to infections and may also deal with recurrent skin infections.

Newborns are tired, irritable and have a delayed motor development.

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