AbnormalIntroduced by Hans Hinselman in 1925 in Germany like a screening tool for cervical cancer, colposcopy means to look into the vagina(colpo- vagina, scope- to look).
The microscope used to examine the cervix is called a colposcope. In order to see the cervix on a screen the colposcope may have a camera attached.
The colposcopy will take only 15 minutes, a speculum will be introduced in order to see your cervix through the colposcope. This examination allows the doctor to see the type of abnormality on your cervix. For most women this is a painless examination, others may find it a little bit uncomfortable. Even though the treatment is postponed after giving birth, colposcopy can also be safely done during pregnancy without affecting the delivery of the baby.
Before the colposcopy, you will may have to answer some questions about your period, about the type of contraception you use, about any operations you had in the past . After the colposcopy the results will show if you need treatment and what type of treatment.
Doctors use a scale from 1 to 3 to describe the number of cells that are affected . Every level represent a third of the cells number.
It’s hard to define a treatment because it depends on the individual problems .It also depends on the type of the abnormal cells found, the size, where they are located, how much change there has been. But in general, the aim of any treatment will be to destroy all the affected cells.
The good news is that the treatment is almost 100% successful and there are little chances for recurrence.
After the treatment there are some safety measures that you may have to take. It is better to avoid exercise and sexual intercourse. It’s better to use sanitary towels instead of tampons when you have your period .Also is recommended to take showers not baths and to avoid public pools. Another important thing is to do a regular checking of your cervix. Usually is good to have screening carried out every year.
If you start bleeding more than you do when you have your period you should ask the opinion of a doctor. The same thing you should do if the bleeding goes on fore more than one week.
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