Toothache, dental pain
The causes of dental pain
Dental decays are the common cause of toothache. They are formed when bacteria decomposes sugars in acids which combined with saliva disintegrates the enamel and dentin. If left untreated, tooth decay penetrates deep until the dental pulp is exposed.
Small cavities can be obstructed, but require treatment. If the pulp is infected, you need a root canal or even extraction of the tooth.
As they penetrate, the teeth decays cause increased sensitivity to sweet, hot or cold. When they reach the dental pulp, the pain is constant. Abscess is accompanied by pain, inflammation, a bitter taste in the mouth and bad breath.
Gum disorders – these amplify the swelling of the gums near the teeth and bone damage. Gum disorders occurs when bacteria produces toxins that irritate the gums. The first symptom of disease are bleeding gingiva, finally causing swelling and painful infections. In a first stage, gum disease is treated by removing plaque.
Sensibility – This occurs when the tooth root exposure produces withdrawal of the gum.
Tooth fissure – injuries or biting an object / food can result in cracking teeth. Using or touching cracked teeth produces a sharp pain. The problem can be solved with a crown, but if the pulp has been exposed to infection, a canal is necessary.
Pain can occur after a cavity is filled. This is due to spread of decay in pulp and therefore the necessity of blocking the channel. Pain can be caused by accumulation of fluid between filling and tooth organic impurities. Old fillings can be damaged, causing pain.
Articulation dysfunction – The condition is a painful inflammation of the jaw where it is connected to the skull. Pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including arthritis, facial trauma, and bruxism. Muscle spasms around the articulation can cause difficulties in opening the mouth, as well as headaches and neck, jaw, teeth and ears pain. The pain can be ameliorated with anti-inflammatory medication or applying warm moist compresses to relax the muscles.
The appearance of wisdom teeth can cause pain when they are not aligned properly or when they are affected in the mandible and require surgical extraction.
Loss of tooth trauma – If you lost a tooth or it is shaking a lot, keep the tooth moist and seek immediate medical attention. The tooth can be saved.
Oral Cancer – Some oral cancers can start with jaw pain, pain resembling teeth.
Other causes of toothache
A toothache can suggest the presence of serious conditions such as sinus or ear infections. For people who suffer from heart disease, teeth or jaw pain may signal an impending angina or heart attack. More rarely, chronic tooth pain can be caused by nerve disorders.
Prevention of toothache
The most important thing in prevention is maintaining good oral hygiene. This includes brushing teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day. Antiseptic mouthwashes that kill bacteria are also useful and exterminate bad breath, caries and gingivitis. It is highly recommended that patients maintain a balanced diet, reducing sugar and starch foods, which cause dental decays .Visiting the dentist regularly, once every 3-6 months can prevent teeth problems.
Treatment of dental pain
Patients can relieve pain by rinsing the mouth with warm water and using dental floss to remove any remains. Dentists will treat the pain according to its cause. If you have a decay, remove the affected side, then he will obstruct the cavity, and if the pulp is affected will clog the channel or extract the tooth. A fissured or cracked tooth requires a crown or a root canal. For sensitivity caused by the erosion of dental enamel, your doctor may advise special toothpaste for sensitive teeth.
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