Bronze is obtained from natural functioning of the body’s mechanisms, namely increased secretion of melanin in skin cells, forming a layer that protects against UV rays, those involved in producing sunburn. But the synthesis of melanin takes time, so your body can adapt. If you start tanning suddenly you may get skin burns.
Risk factors for sunburn
There are some factors that influence the appearance of sunburn:
– The time of exposure, intensity of sunlight at the time of exposure, skin sensitivity;
– blond or red-hair people, are most prone to sunburn;
– Drinking alcohol before exposure to the sun (dehydrating effect), diseases of skin, areas of irritation, vitilogo;
– The location of the person exposed to the sun: increased risk of sunburn if they are near areas of reflection of sunlight (water, sand, ice);
– Altitude: as it increases, the degree of filtering solar radiation lowers;
– Latitude: the more the person is closer to the equator, the more risk of sunburn increases because of the fact that sunlight penetrates closer to perpendicular to the ground, so that filtering greatly decreases.
After sun exposure skin pigmentation can occur and also skin can become reddish, slightly swollen and painful (swollen). Body temperature rises. If blisters appear, the burning can be considered as first degree sunburn and overall treatment can be done at home.
But if pain is intense, areas of skin have the same characteristics above, but after a while blisters (Phlyctena) appear, is second-degree burn. Its gravity is not determined just by the symptoms it produces to the patient, but also in high dehydratation level, changes in heart rate and susceptibility to infection of those blisters. Doctors recommend not to break and not to treat those blisters with herbal cream, yogurt or other traditional methods, but to see a doctor about it. For any event that occurs adjacent to these symptoms (frequent urination, fever, chills, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, etc.) you should also see a doctor.
Home treatment is indicated only for less serious burns, of first degree. First of all, patients should avoid further exposure to sunlight (sunburn may worsen) and adequate fluid intake (dehydration risk).
You can use a number of drugs that are meant to relieve pain, fever and general bad condition of the skin, such as:
– ibuprofen, ketoprofen, and aspirin.
– Some sprays for soothing and healing burns to speed up the recovery and reducing edema (swelling).
Treatment for more serious sunburns (blisters appear, intense ulcerations etc.) require immediate medical help.
Natural treatment for mild sunburns
various natural treatments may be useful for mild burns:
– Apply cold milk or yogurt, mint or lavender oil
– Compresses with chamomile tea, peppermint or lavender
– Swabbing the affected area with 70 degrees alcohol.
– Mix 3 teaspoons of lemon juice with 2 cups of cold water and dab the affected area. The lemon will cool the burn, will act as a disinfectant and help skin regeneration process.
– Dissolve baking soda in warm water and apply medical skin solution. Stay with it applied half an hour, then rinse again with warm water.
Negative consequences of unhealthy exposure to the sun
Sun exposure in improper conditions or for a longer period of time has other negative effects besides sunburn, such as:
– Heatstroke or other conditions caused by excessive temperatures
– Vision problems, retinal damage caused by strong sunlight (especially the reflection in the water) that can go up to partial or total loss of vision
– Lowering the immune system and susceptibility to infection.
Tanning without sunburn is healthy and beneficial for the body, which is why we have to avoid damage to the skin during sun exposure. To prevent sunburns follow the tips below:
– Progressive exposure to sunlight, very little on the first day, then increasingly more, but never between 10 and 16. Progressive exposure helps the skin to become pigmented due to the secretion of melanin so the skin pigmentation is more protected from sunburn.
– Avoidance of photosensitizing drugs
– Avoid alcohol before and during sun exposure.
|beauty & skin care, blisters, exposure, skin, sun, sunburn, sunlight, time, treatment, water|