Sunburn is considered a self-limiting lesion. But even a slight burn that does not require treatment is an opportunity to use and know the consequences of UV photoprotection. Patients with moderate burns should be encouraged to hydrate with non-alcoholic drinks.
Skin after sunburn should not be exposed to sunlight for at least a week because the skin is susceptible to burns.
Non-pharmacologic treatment for sunburn include:
-Stay in a cool environment, with bed rest if necessary
-Have cold baths or apply cold towels or compression with salt for 20 minutes and repeated 3-4 times daily; may provide relief of pain and itching
-Lotions applied repeatedly to reduce dryness and help in light burns
-Oil or butter does not help moderate burns and can be painful to washing.
Vitamin E can reduce the redness and swelling. Oral ibuprofen or indomethacin administered 1 hour after exposure to sunlight may reduce the degree of erythema and epidermal injury.
Acetaminophen or aspirin may provide a degree of pain relief, although analgesics may be necessary in severe situations. Diphenhydramine or hydroxyzine can help patients fall asleep and improves prurit. Not indicated the use of topical diphenhydramine or topical anesthetic spray because of the risk of allergic dermatitis.
There are some natural remedies that may relieve sunburn pain.
Milk is very good and relieves sunburn. Fat it contains can soothe the affected areas. Potato will soften and soothe your skin.
Tea or peppermint oil will create a sensation of coolness and improve the burn.
Yogurt: Grease skin with yogurt and let it act for 20 minutes, then rinse with water
Alcohol: tampon with alcohol affected area of 70 degrees.
Chamomile tea: Cold compresses with chamomile infusion are recommended. If the burns are very strong (like the second or third degree burns) medical intervention is required.
Also, if you leave the house even for a short time is not bad to protect your skin with a special UV lotion.
It is not advisable to expose yourself to sunlight later than 10 am, and you can return to the beach just after the sun still subsides, after 17 o’clock. Do not worry that you will not get tanned enough, it is important not to burn the skin after the first days at the beach (it will be difficult then to tan uniform).
Sunburn can affect any part of the body from the head, to toe, including lips, ears lobes and, of course, the eyes.
Healing begins within days, by peeling burned skin, but the symptoms can disappear even after several weeks, depending on severity. Even if sunburn seems not to be serious, sometimes it’s more than that and while you stay home and treat it with yogurt, things take an unexpected turn. See a doctor if burns are accompanied by high fever with chills, pain, nausea, confusion (signs of heatstroke and dehydration) or if blisters cover a large portion of skin.
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