Strep throatEven though very often strep throat is mistaken with sore throat, in fact, they are not synonyms; strep throat is only one of the causes of sore throat. Strep throat is more common to children between 5 and 15 years old because of an infection produced by group a streptococcus. Studies show that about 600 million cases are reported every year in the world.
Strep throat is contagious and a close contact with a infected person is enough to catch streptococcus infection. Though, the risk of infecting someone is lower after starting the antibiotics treatment.
Among the symptoms of strep throat are: inflammation of the throat, fever, lymph nodes. Also the throat can become red and white patches on the back. There is also a set of symptoms not so common for strep throat like : odynophagia (pain when swallowing), vomiting, pain in the abdomen , rash caused by toxins released from the bacteria . The rash will start around the neck and it will spread all around the body. The patient may have a runny nose, conjunctivitis, different aches, hoarseness, and diarrhea.
The symptoms are a little bit different in adults than in children. If instants firstly will feel a low fever and a decrease in appetite, children will have swollen glands and pain when swallowing, adults may even not be aware that they suffer from a strep throat. Or they can have trouble swallowing.
In order to diagnose this illness it can be used a rapid test that will give the results in minutes. But for a more accurate result a throat culture should be examined. The laboratory will send the results in 48 hours. A blood test may also help by measuring the antibodies produced by the organism, in order to fight the streptococcus.
Because it can cause more severe problems and complications, once the diagnosis was set it’s very important to treat the illness with antibiotics and to take the complete number of pills. Otherwise, the infection may recur. A good streptococcus killer is penicillin, pills (250 milligrams three times a day for 10 days) or injectable. Penicillin derivatives like amoxicillin also work in the fight with streptococcus. Some doctors may prefer to treat this illness with cephalosporin antibiotics like cefadroxi, cephalexin, cefuroxime axeti because penicillin may cause allergies. There are also some home remedies that can do the trick like: gargle with salt and warm water (but after 8 years old ), lozenges, warm tea, lemon, honey, hard candies, chicken soup or even ice cream.
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