Low Back Pain – Causes
When standing the lower back is supposed to support the weight of the whole upper body, when bending, extending or rotating a the waist the lower back as well helps in those movements thus an injury to this specific part of the body would be somehow catastrophic. The most common causes of low back pain would be nerve irritation, lumbar strain, bony encroachment, lumbar radiculopathy, and the conditions of the joints and of the bones.
The lumbar strain can be acute or chronic and is the stretching of an injury to the tendons, ligaments and/or muscles from the lower back.
Nerve irritation is another cause of low back pain, having the nerves from the lumbar spine irritated leading up to that due to the mechanical pressure by the other tissues and the bones, from the roots of the spinal cord or from a disease. This will include bony encroachment, lumbar disc diseases or better known as radiculopathy and a viral infection or a shingles that will cause an inflammation of the nerves.
As earlier mentioned lumbar radiculopathy will be the nerve irritation that will be cause by the damaged discs that will be between the vertebrae. This kind of damage will occur due to a degeneration of the spine, formally known as wear and tear, from a traumatic injury or from the both processes at the very same time, this leading to a far more specialized treatment.
Bony encroachment will be the condition that will outcome from the growth or movement of the vertebrae of the lumber spine and the limited space for the adjacent spinal nerves and cord. A foraminal narrowing, which would be the process of the narrowing portal in which the spinal nerves pass from the spinal column to the spinal canal to the body and most commonly known will result arthritis, could cause bony encroachment. Also spinal stenosis and spondylolisthesis can be important factors in developing any back related problems especially low back pains.
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