When planning for a trip, most people will take care of things such as location, transportation, hotel, sightseeing. Most of the time the health aspect of a trip is left out. People rarely plan on being stuck in their hotel room with diarhhea for days.
People who plan on travelling to a country should contact their doctor in advance depeding on the kind of trip they are planning. General travelers should contact their doctor about six weeks before the trip. The adventure types, and those who plan on going off the usual turist routes, should see their doctor about six months in advance. This is done, because they should receive certain vaccines against disease present in that country in advance.
Most common causes for infection include contaminated food and water. Tap water should be avoided in any case, even if it is from the hotel. Bottled water should also be checked, because in some countries empty bottle are filled with tap water and resold to unwary tourists. It is best to stick to bottle beverages that you are familiar with. Food are also only safe if they are fully cooked and served hot. If you consume fruits, you should peel them yourself. Fruits and vegetables grown near the ground such as strawberries and lettuce, have a chance of beeing contaminated with human feces. This is possible beuase in some areas of the world it is used as a fertilizer. Sushi and shellfish are also at risk of carrying bacteria. It doesn’t mean you cannot experience any food in a developing country. For most people it is the reason they travel. A little bit of common sense along with keeping some medications on hand will result in a pleasant trip.
Mosquitos pose a serious health problems to travelers in any country. They can spread disease such as malaria and yellow fever. Insect repellant should always be carried with and used as often as necessary. If you are travelling through fields, or in the woods, at the end of the days you should check your self for ticks.
A medical supply kit should be carried with, because in some developed countries even simple medical supplies could be hard to find. This kit should include the following: Prescription medication kept it in the original bottle; Foot care products such as athlete’s foot powder if hiking in tropical or damp areas; Cold remedies: cough drops, runny-nose remedy, and tissues; Diarrhea remedies: Imodium, Lomotil, or Pepto-Bismol; Pain/fever remedies: aspirin, acetaminophen; Motion sickness medicine; Insect repellents( that contain DEET); Sunscreen, lip balm, Bandages, adhesive tape.
|countries, country, disease, doctor, general, people, travel, travelers, trip, water|