Worldwide, endometriosis affects more than 176 million women and many of them remain undiagnosed and not treated . It’s impossible to find the exact causes that determine the apparition of these condition .One of the causes of endometriosis is thought to be the retrograde menstruation .
Endometriosis occurs blood containing endometrial cells instead of going out of the body as period goes back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity. The endometrial cells keep growing because they stay near the endometrial wall and bleed over the course of the menstruation . But this is not the only cause of the endometriosis. Another possible cause of this illness is the transformation of small areas of the abdominal lining into endometrial tissue.


If the patient has members of the family that had endometriosis he or she is also prone to get this condition . In case a woman had her period earlier than normal, she could also develop endometriosis. There are also some risk factors that can lead to this condition like : bleeding more than eight days within a menstrual cycles shorter than 27 days, any disease that can lead to a not normal passage of menstrual flow, a history of pelvic infection, or never giving birth.

In order to diagnosis this condition a women has to take a pelvic examination and an ultrasound. During the pelvic exam your pelvis is palpated by the doctor for cysts on the reproductive organs or scars on the uterus. The ultrasound can be vaginal or over the abdomen. During a vaginal ultrasound a scanner is inserted into the vagina in comparison with an ultrasound of the pelvis where the scanner is moved across the abdomen. The ultrasound will not tell the doctor for certain if the checked woman has endometriosis but it’s useful for identifying cysts that are related with endometriosis .

The only way to know for certain if a women has endometriosis is by laparoscopy . Laparoscopy is a minor surgical procedure in which your abdomen is looked for signs of endometrial implants. This procedure provides information about the location and size of the endometrial implants.

Because the causes of endometriosis are hard to define, the prevention is also hard to take into consideration. And the bad news is that even though it is said that women who already have children are safe, this is not so true. There are a lot of other factors that may bring this condition intro a women’s life.

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