Effects and types of nuclear radiation
Nuclear radiation has a short wave of high energy and only one particle will be enough to damage or even destroy the cell thus there is a high need in preventing radiation of any kind, taking also into account the catastrophic damages that took place in out history.
The International Commission on Radiation Protection has embarked on a system of safety standards and limits were radiation will be allowed making a general sum of three factors that will influence the impact that a nuclear radiation will have: the closeness of the radiation source, the total radiation that is contaminated and the length of time the victim has been exposed.
These three factors may establish the high risk impact that such nuclear radiation exposure will have on the human body, dividing the danger of exposure into high radiation that will cause a direct impact, and at the same time a visible one, and long term radiation exposure that will trigger many long-term effects, the latter one being as dangerous as the first one.
Symptoms for prolonged exposure to a nuclear radiation ( several days ) are disorientation or confusion in determining action, dizziness, hair loss or baldness, wear, tired and looked listless, low blood pressure, vomiting blood or dysentery and a low immune system which would lead to slower process of healing.
There are three types of radioactive decay
1. Alpha Decay
The nucleus will have too many protons which would lead to excessive repulsion thus occurring the alpha decay. A Helium nucleus will be emitted to reduce the repulsion, which will be in continuous collision within the walls of a nucleus and due to its mass and energy there will be a nonzero probability of transmission.
2. Beta decay
When the ratio between the neutron and proton within the nucleus will be too high, instability will take place and beta decay will occur. The effect will be a neutron being turned into an electron and a proton and this electron will be emitted.
3. Gamma Decay
A nucleus being at too high energy will cause gamma decay. It will go down to a much lower energy state and during this process will emit high energy photon also known as a gamma particle.
Immediate distance is required to best prevent radiation sickness to minimize the exposure dosage and also the effects that can become deadly, in time, to the human body.
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