Not all depressions are the same but the effects on the human body can be always acknowledged by knowing a few obvious symptoms like sleep deprivation or excessive sleeping, lost of interest in any pleasurable activities, overeating or appetite loss, continuous feelings of sadness or emptiness.
The National Institute of Mental Health has described Major Depressive Disorder (or known by the name of clinical depression) by a combination of the symptoms presented earlier and they have stated that such an episode can occur various times in a person’s lifetime if not treated well the first time. To know for sure that we are dealing with clinical depression the person must present daily for a minimum of two weeks these kind of symptoms, without the effect of medication or drugs being needed by a medical condition or in terms of normal emotional pain due to the loss of a loved one.
Dysthymia or Chronic Depression can be described as the type of depression that will go on a long term, being needed a two years or more period to be acknowledged. Such an illness is not that severe as the one presented earlier because it does not disable the person from day to day activities but more is a subconscious state of mind not being explored at its full capacity. Many scientists have stated that a normal person thought its lifetime will have such a period and because of the stress involved in the day to day activities nowadays, it can be considered something a normal stage when changes in out lives occur.
Another type of depression will be atypical depression, named this way because of the specific symptoms that a person may have such as oversleeping, fatigue, and overeating, extreme sensitivity to rejection. It must be fairly known that such a depression can be caused by the loss of someone dear but at the same time it must not be confused with the normal amount of grieving.
Among the most common nowadays depressions we also find bipolar disorder, that may be known also as a manic depression, being a very complex disorder based on quick shifts of mood from sadness to happiness. There are two types of bipolar disorder named I and II the difference between them being the existence of manic-depressive episodes.
SAD is the seasonal depression, also known as seasonal affective disorder and it may occur each year at the same time. Studies have shown that it may start in the fall or winter and may end in early summer, having traditional names like ‘cabin fever’ or ‘winter blues’. There are also rare forms of SAD presented in the late spring or early summer to the ending of the fall named ‘summer depression’.
A serious branch of depression is postpartum depression that affects one in ten of new mothers that will be developed within one moth after delivery. The National Institute of Mental Health characterized it with the same symptoms and states that this is a severe depression but treated correctly will not have long term effects.
There are various tools that can be used in the fight with depression from antidepressants to therapy or a combination of both. Also there are other important factors that we must know that will help prevent us from getting in this situation. A minimum of eight hours per night must be used for sleep thus not leaving you dragging yourself from your bed every day, starting it with a foundation of an irritated mood. An active social scene also may help. Any activities that you consider pleasurable in the company of friends or a loved one, decreases stress and chances of having such a disorder. At the same time, living a healthy life, eating healthy foods and daily exercises will also be an effective way to combat any future health risks and would surely change your outlook on life.
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