Cervical Spondylosis Treatment

Cervical spondylosis is a degenerative disease of the spine, located in the cervical vertebrae and intervertebral discs. The condition generally occurs in people with advanced age (45 years) and progresses very fast. Statistically, spondylosis affects both sexes equally, but occurs earlier in men than in women.

High degeneration occurs after cervical spondylosis of the intervertebral discs and joints and is often accompanied by bone spurs. These bone spurs may increase the pressure on spinal nerves.

Many researchers believe that the main cause of cervical spondylosis is wear of the tissue, often due to:

-Adopting a wrong position of the cervical spine (extended in front of computer or the office desk);

-Decreased muscle tone, due prolonged sedentary;

-Congenital abnormalities;

-Trauma.

All these situations contribute to progressive wear of the intervertebral discs and cause cervical spondylosis, which is characterized by morning joint stiffness, pain in the cervical and scapular girdle, dizziness. Elderly people are exposed to rheumatism, weight gain and considerably decrease of locomotor activity. In these cases, reduction in muscle tone appears, muscle atrophy occurs; the muscles lose their function, bone changes occur in the extremities axes changing relations contact surfaces of bone joints, causing joint disorders, nutrition and biochemical changes in the articular cartilage.

Treatment in the form of physical therapy sessions two times a year associated with therapeutic massage (Warning! Different from relaxation massage) is highly recommended. This increase osteo-articular mobility and muscle tone.

Kinetotherapy represents a treatment option that consists of an active exercise program with resistance program designed according to the disease and its stage. This is performed by a physiotherapist. In any case, physical therapy sessions cannot be held in the patient’s home without medical supervision of a physiotherapist. It should be noted that medication only helps temporarily. In general, you can take measures to protect against joint wear, treatment to decrease pain in motion, reduce muscle tension and, if possible, obtain a restoration of joint function. But these objectives can be achieved best through physical therapy and massage therapy.

1. Drug treatment for cervical spondylosis works against cervical pain, but its effects are short and can sometimes be aggressive to people with stomach problems. These medications are administrated 15 days and their effect is limited because it treats the effect (pain) and not the cause. Therefore, in the absence of kinesiology, pain reoccurs.

2. Physical therapy associated with therapeutic massage acts against the neck pain with painkillers, helps to increase trophicity of the spine and adjacent areas and de-contracts cervical paravertebral muscles. Physiotherapy is more beneficial and a long term treatment option, especially if these procedures are associated with therapeutic massage.

3. Physical therapy works directly on the case (the vertebrae and intervertebral disc degeneration, helping to rehydrate them). It leads to restoring joint mobility, increase elasticity and muscle tone, reducing negative effects of bone spurs and improve overall body condition. Physical therapy is started after the 12 sessions of physiotherapy associated with therapeutic massage.

PHYSICAL THERAPY (medical fitness) for cervical spondylosis is not to be done at home without medical supervision, without adequate equipment (trellis system, pulleys, ergonometer bike, weights, etc.) and without individualized rehabilitation program specifically for cervical spondylosis, developed by a physiotherapist.

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