Blood in the urine

The common name for blood in the urine is hematuria. Even though it is a common problem, sometimes it can be the result of a serious problem in the urinary tract. A thorough examination is required to determine the seriousness of hematuria.

Most of the time blood is not even visible in urine. This is called microscopic hematuria, because the blood can only be seen under the microscope. If there is the right amount of blood in the urine, this certainly becomes visible as urine gains a pinkish, red or brown color. This is called gross or frank hematuria. A small amount of blood in your urine is usually normal. Hematuria can occur spontaneously or over a long period of time. Up to 10 % of people have hematuria while 3% develop acute hematuria.

Women are more likely to develop urinary tract infections therefore more likely to get hematuria, along with adults which may take medicines that irritate the urinary tract.

Causes of blood in the urine:

1. Blood in the urine can be the result of any condition that results in infection, inflammation, or injury to the urinary system.

2. Typically, microscopic hematuria points out to damage to the upper urinary tract (kidneys), while visible blood indicates damage to the lower tract (urethras, bladder, or urethra).

3. In people younger than 40 years of age are kidney stones or urinary tract infections are the most common causes

The well-known causes of blood in the urine include the following: kidney stones; infections of the urinary tract or genitals; blockage of the urinary tract, usually the urethra: by a stone; a tumor; cancer of the kidney, bladder, or prostate ; kidney disease; blood clotting disorders; injury to the upper or lower urinary tract; chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and sickle cell anemia; viral infections; inflammation of the kidney; strenuous exercise.

If serious conditions such as cancer, kidney disease, and other chronic diseases are not the case for blood in the urine, then it is not something serious. The blood with most likely continue with no harm or disappear by itself.

Urine can also be colored pink, red, or brown for the following reasons: beets, berries, and rhubarb eaten in large amounts, food colorings, medications, menstrual blood.

Most of the time, blood in the urine is a symptoms of something rather than a disease in itself. The following symptoms that may be present could be the underlying cause of the bleeding: pain in the flank, back, lower abdomen and groin, pain when urinating, fever, nausea and vomiting,

Anytime you have blood in your urine and some of the symptoms are present you should seek medical attention. There is no home treatment for blood in the urine, because most of the time it is a urinary tract infection and it must be treated with antibiotics. Because there are many conditions that can cause hematuria, the treatments depend on the underlying problem. For kidney stones, drinking lots of water along with pain medication is the solution. For a urinary tract infection, antibiotics are required. If a certain medication is causing the blood this needs to be stopped. If you hematuria does go away it is very important to follow up with you doctor afterwards to make sure it has fully gone away.

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