Developing such an addiction to alcohol will be a gradual process, happing in time when the levels of chemicals in the brain, most especially the gamma-aminobutyric acid or GABA, that stops people from being impulsive and dopamine which is closely linked to the happiness feeling, change. As these levels get higher a person will crave alcohol for the sensation of feeling good and worthy once more. In the United States there are almost 18 millions of people that abuse alcohol and an estimated 80 million Americans have already faced alcoholism in their families.
This illness has been characterized by craving alcohol, physical dependence, experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not drinking, a loss of control over drinking and a high tolerance for alcohol, a person needing great amounts to recover that ‘good’ feeling. Most alcoholics will deny at first ever having a problem before entering recovery and most people that abuse alcohol and that are not dependent may have similar symptoms but will not have the craving to drink or will not experience withdrawal symptoms.
Signs of alcoholism
- craving alcohol
- drinking by yourself or in secret
- blackouts, not remembering conversations or events
- not being able to control the amount you drink
- having legal problems or an inability to sustain a job or a relationship
- becoming irritable when you can’t get a drink at your regular time
- needing more alcohol to feel its effects
- withdrawal symptoms such as sweating, nausea, shakiness and anxiety
- liver disease
There are several risks factors as well that should e taken into account like a family history of alcohol abuse, beginning to drink early by the age of 16 or sooner, having two or more adverse events during childhood, drinking more than one-two drinks per day, being under a lot of stress, having pre-existing psychiatric disorders such as anxiety or depression, broken homes and also it is a well known fact that men will have higher rates of alcoholism than women.
We can prevent such a disorder by underlining some key aspects that will surely make a significant change in your life: live a healthy life by exercising and eating healthy foods that in terms will give you a more positive outlook on life and change the need for substances to give you that feeling, suppress the peer pressure factor in knowing that people should accept you for what you are and the principles that you stand before and also live a very goal oriented life thus leading to a successful career and emotional life as well.
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