Abdominal pain

Cramps, abdominal pain, bloating occur as a result of disruption of the intestinal tract. A series of data shows that one in four people complain of dysfunction whose symptoms are abdominal cramps, abdominal pain and discomfort often accompanied by other digestive symptoms such as nausea, vomiting constipation or bloating.

Two thirds of those polled recognized the symptoms appear suddenly, and over one third (34.

5%) said they had at least a weekly major abdominal crisis.

Women often complain of abdominal pain, the proportion being greater than of men.

During digestion, the smooth muscle of the abdominal wall moves easy, a process known as peristalsis. These moves remove the food bowl, but certain factors may disrupt this process. Thus, the contractions are felt more intensely in the form of muscle spasms and cramps, disrupting the “evacuation” of the food bowl.

If symptoms are mild enough to rest, it is recommended to make some changes in diet and avoid stress whenever possible. You can also ask for an antispasmodic that acts strictly upon the gastrointestinal tract by suppressing painful muscle spasms, relax and regain normal bowel procession thereof.

What causes these symptoms?

Among the factors which aggravate the intensity of contractions are:

  • intolerance to certain foods;
  • overeating;
  • spicy foods;
  • foods with high fat content;
  • some dairy products;
  • spices;
  • stress;
  • alcohol and smoking;
  • menstruation in women.

Abdominal pain is a common symptom. Most often occurs after a food abuse. In other cases, abdominal pain may be an early sign or on the contrary, late, of worst conditions.

Pain intensity does not correlate with the severity of the disease that caused it. A viral infection or the mere presence of gas in the colon can cause more pain than the severe life-threatening disease, such as colon cancer, when pain is less intense.

Due to the large number of organs in the abdomen and the fact that they have poor sensory innervations, it is often difficult to locate the organ that causes the pain. Besides this, abdominal pain radiates, and is felt in other areas than the corresponding organ. For example, pain from gallstones can lead to chest or right shoulder pain.  Sightings painful area can reduce the list of possible causes. But it is difficult to know the origin of pain only by its location, even for an experienced doctor.

Pain located around the umbilicus may be due to inflammation of the appendix (appendicitis). This is a small bag, the shape of a glove finger, a few inches that emerges from the colon in the lower right abdomen. When clogged, appendix becomes inflamed and fills with pus. Besides abdominal pain, appendicitis is also accompanied by nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fever.

It is situated above the periombilical, the pain can suggest peptic ulcer. Persistent pain in this region may be a sign of pancreatic or gall bladder problems.

Intense pain in the upper right area is suggestive of gallbladder inflammation. Common causes are gallstones (stones) and biliary dyskinesias. Pain may radiate to the umbilicus or go back. Occasionally, the pain in this area can result from diseases of the colon, pancreas or duodenum.

The pain felt below the belly button that goes to one side, can mean a colon disorder. Sometimes it is a symptom of kidney stones, a bladder infection or pelvic inflammatory disease.

A pain felt in lower left abdominal area is usually an expression of damage to the sigmoid colon. Among the possible causes are inflammatory bowel disease, enterocolitis, and diverticulitis.

The lower right-Usually responsible for pain in this location is the colon. The pain of appendicitis can be located here or may radiate to the area.

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