Abdominal Hernias

As a conclusion to the study, the medical staff stated that although laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy has a low mortality rate, its complications can have as be life threatening. The management of hernias surgery remains until this day a very controversial subject in spite of the fact that it has been described since antiquity and it has become an essential part of the general knowledge of a well prepped surgeon.

In medical terms, a hernia will be an abnormal protrusion that will develop from one anatomical space to another.

Adding to this description, there are several other definitions regarding the region of its development.

The omphalocele will be descried as the extension of the viscera that will most often include the liver, following the abdominal cavity up to the umbilical stalk, in which its content will be covered in bilaminar, translucent sac that will be formed by peritoneum and fused amnion. Sometimes, this sac can be ripped apart prenatally or during a delivery, making identification even more difficult.

The abdominal wall is 4 cm thick and the umbilical vessels that are inserted into the sac will traverse it. This is a mere description of one type of hernia. Almost 10% of the population will develop at some point in their lives such a disease. Statistics show that more then two million hernia operations alone are performed in the United States annually. Almost half of this number is for the direct inguinal hernias that will have a male to female ratio of 7:1 and a quarter will be for direct inguinal hernias, having a lower male female ratio of 5:2.

The best means in diagnosing a hernia will remain physical examination and the history of the patient. If such conditions as obstructive uropathy, constipation, ascites, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or severe cough combined with the latter ones appear, medical attention is in urgently in need.

The first diagnosis will be made by the patient that will observe a bulge in the inguinal region or the scrotum, in the case of inguinal hernia. In the case of the hydrocele, it will be very easy to diagnose it as it will transilluminate upon examination. Other types of hernias can lead to an obstruction within the intestine like lumbar hernias, femoral or obturator but at the very same time they can be easily diagnosed and treated.

Doctors recommend a full work up annually so if such health problems will arise they can be counter measured in time and with less complications along the way. A healthy eating life style is also recommended due to the clear link between intestinal problems and the eating habits of the patient.

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