Sleep Disorders – Overview

Sleep disorders are considered very common in psychiatry and medicine. Such sleep problems can be an outcome of a medical or psychiatric condition and it can begin from non-restorative or inadequate sleeping patterns. Primary sleep disorders will develop from behavioral patterns to a general disturbance during sleep.

They can be characterized into dyssomnias and parasomnias. The latter will be described as an unusual experience or behavior during one’s sleep and it will include sleepwalking, condition that will e found most likely in children and teens and incidents will happen during the first two stages of sleep, sleep terror disorder and nightmare disorder, condition that will occur during the rapid eye movement sleep.

The first one will e described as abnormalities in the patterns of sleep from duration to the amount and quality. This will include hypersomnia and primary insomnia, breathing related sleep disorder, narcolepsy and circadian rhythm sleep disorder.

In order to treat correctly the sleeping disorder, first it must be categorized and properly assessed to which type should the symptoms will belong. Sadly, there are many sleeping disorders that will have some overlapping symptoms so not all the time a correct diagnosis shall be made.
Sleep disturbances are most common to appear in adulthood but at the very same time there are specific sleeping disorders that have as primary victims’ teens and children. The quality of life will be decreased due to the lack of sleep, energy and all-round tiredness.

Also a poor quality of sleep could lead also to difficulty in concentration, poor performance at work or in other tasks and confusion. Sadly, some sleep disorders have been linked with premature death due to the severity of some cases.

One of the most common and of the worst sleeping disorder that affects adults all around the world is insomnia, feeling that you do not get enough sleep or you are not fully rested.

Many people have a harder time in falling asleep in comparison with younger ages. Also insomnia can e provoked due to aging and the fact that many people tend to get easier wakened by light and noises in comparison with younger people. A normal sleep pattern will have five different stages that will last up to one hundred minutes and they are categorized into rapid eye movement sleep and non rapid eye movement sleep.

During the rapid eye movement sleep a person will dream and this is the period of the sleep in which the muscles will relax completely. In comparison, in the non rapid eye movement sleep a person will move from four different sleep stages, the first two constituting light sleep and the third and fourth stages being known as deep sleep.

In general, the third and the forth stages are the ones that will be the most relaxing due to the refreshing sensation that a person will have after having it.

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