A very serious sleep disorder will be sleep apnea that can be described as repeatedly stops and starts in breathing during sleep. If a patient snores loudly or feels tired even after a long nighttime sleep, he or she could suffer from sleep apnea. There are two ways in which this illness will occur: central sleep apnea, that will happen when the brain will not send proper signals to the muscles for breathing control and obstructive sleep apnea, which is the most common form of sleep apnea, which will happen when the throat muscles will relax.
There have been a few cases in which a patient suffered from a combination of the two. Some symptoms and signs of central or obstructive sleep apnea can overlap thus making it more difficult in diagnosing it and treat it.
The most common symptoms will remain: an excessive exhaustion during daytime and need of sleep or in medical terms known as hypersomnia, loud snoring, that will be a primary symptom in obstructive sleep apnea, observed and repeated episodes of breathing cessation during sleep, abrupt awakening joined by a shortness in breathing, that will indicate central sleep apnea, awakening with a sore throat or a dry mouth, a difficulty in staying asleep, which is known as insomnia and in many cases it could be a secondary effect or insomnia could lead to sleep apnea and in some cases it has been reported severe headaches, repeated during the a long period of time.
When you or your partner will observe shortness of breath that will awake a person from his or her sleep, loud snoring, intermittent pauses during nighttime breathing and, or excessive daytime drowsiness causing sleep issues at work or where ever a person will partake in its own activities, then it is time to consult a doctor in order to establish if that person suffers from sleep apnea.
A large majority of people do not consider such an important aspect to their day to day life the fact that they snore but this could e a primary symptom from a potentially serious illness. If you or your partner do snore out loud and it is a continuous process then you should go to the doctor and get checked for increased fatigue, sleep apnea or other sleep disorders, if this is combined also with extreme exhaustion after sleeping or non-restorative sleep.
Obstructive sleep apnea will happen when the muscles in the back of your throat will relax. They are the muscles that will support the tongue, the tonsils, the uvula (triangular piece of tissue that will hang from the soft palate) and the soft palate. When this will happen, the airway will narrow and close as the process of breathing takes place and breathing will stop for several moments. This will lower the level of oxygen from your blood, transmitting thins information to your brain that will observe your inability to breath thus waking you up to reopen your airway.
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