Insomnia - Overview

This can happen because of the poor quantity or quality of sleep and finding out what is the real reason behind insomnia will have a much greater effect in successfully treating it. This kind of illness is quite often developed and it may occur on up to fifty per cent of the population, leaving a 10% of time suffering from the worst form of insomnia, long standing insomnia, medically known as chronic insomnia.

Depending on the duration of the symptoms that the patient will present, insomnia can be characterized into three categories: insomnia that will last a week or less and that can be known as transient insomnia, short term insomnia that will last more than a week but it will resolve itself in a maximum of three weeks and long term insomnia or better known as chronic insomnia, that will last for more than three weeks, the patients’ state being severely deteriorated.

Also this type of disease can be triggered due to many reasons like medical conditions, stress factors, sleep disorders, sleep hygiene and many more. The most important thing in diagnosing such a disorder would be to clearly make a difference between other similar conditions like short duration sleep or sleep deprivation and insomnia.

The first one could be considered normal in many individuals that just require a less amount of time to rest without feeling impair during day time, this being the primary symptom in patients that suffer from insomnia.

The second type of condition is clearly related to opportunity and adequate time for sleeping due to intentional and voluntary actions that require it.

 

As stated before, insomnia can have many causes like: physical discomfort, jet lag, working in different shifts, stressful life situations for example separation or divorce, death of a loved person, loss of job, cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, and caffeine intake prior to going to bed, certain medications, and alcohol intoxication or in some cases withdrawal and so on.

The factors prior described can result in short term insomnia and will e transient thus insomnia will be in time corrected and removed form the daily habit. At the very same time there is a specific sleep hygiene that needs to be done in order to have a good night sleep and some activities before it can result in insomnia such as going to bed hungry, exercising or eating prior to sleep, using the bedroom from other activities other than sleeping, doing work in the bed or sleeping in a room with too much lighting or way too much noise.

Adding to the list of causes of insomnia, there are some medical and psychiatric conditions that can contribute to it such as: congestive heart failure, breathing problems, obesity, hyperthyroidism, acid reflux, chronic pain and many others.

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