Types of eating disordersAnorexia, bulimia and obesity disorders have become fashionable. Unrealistic beauty standards promoted daily stress and inability to cope with the demands of life make people “revenge” on food.
What at first glance may seem like a bad habit can be a serious disorder, deteriorating the patient’s health and life threatening.
The most serious eating disorders are anorexia, bulimia and binge-eating. Obesity is seen as eating disorder, too. These disorders mostly affect adolescents and young adults, but more and more adults involved in activities or very demanding professions with high levels of stress.
The first step in preventing or combating such disorders is their recognition and diagnosis.
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by:
Low body weight: 15% less than normal weight;
intense fear of gaining weight;
distortions of body image;
absence of three menstrual cycles in a row.
Distortion of body image refers to how the disorder is perceived: the patient claims to be fat, even if he is very weak.
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by:
bulimic episodes repeated at least twice a week for at least 3 months;
loss of control during meal;
repeated compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain (self-induced vomiting, abuse of laxatives and / or diuretics, and / or drugs, diet, physical exertion);
self affected by shape and weight.
Women are more prone to these disorders.
Signs and symptoms
The first to notice a person’s eating behavior modification are members of the family. When it comes to teenagers, parents often do not realize it can be an eating disorder, Of course, not every diet is to be confused with a disorder, but parents need to worry when their children do not gain weight. There are signs that a teenager has a potential eating disorder: does not want to dine with family, frequent and lengthy visits to the bathroom during or just after meals, excessive physical exercise.
Signs and symptoms of anorexia:
-weight loss, often achieved by inducing vomiting, abuse of laxatives, diuretics or exercise;
-refusal to maintain a normal body weight;
-intense fear of gaining weight;
-negative body image;
-in women, changes in menstruation or no menstruation;
-irregular heart rhythm;
-brittle hair and nails;
-low blood pressure.
Signs of nervous bulimia:
-recurrent episodes of binge eating;
-feeling that eating habits cannot be maintained under control;
-ingestion of much greater quantities of food during an episode than a normal meal;
-use methods to prevent weight gain: induce vomiting, exercise, drugs;
-unhealthy focus on weight and body shape;
-problems with teeth and gums due to gastric acid removed;
-irregular heart rhythm.
Signs and symptoms of binge-eating:
-recurrent episodes of overeating;
-uncontrolled behavior in terms of supply;
-feelings of shame and guilt;
-high blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
The onset of eating disorders are several factors: genetic, cultural or family related behaviors. Studies have shown that the biological system in the brain that causes the appetite and digestion is not working normally.
Another very common cause is the media messages that promote certain beauty standards Thus, to look like celebrities or mannequins, most women are striving to maintain an abnormally low weight. All such messages contribute to the distortion of body image and appearance of negative feelings from the body.
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