High Blood Sugar

There are two main conditions regarding blood sugar:

Hyperglycemia: the level of sugar in the bloods rises

Hypoglycemia: the level of blood sugar drops

Glucose most commonly known as sugar come from most foods. It is carried by blood to all parts of the body. For blood to carry glucose to cells and make energy for the body it needs insulin.

Insulin is chemical made by the pancreas. The pancreas releases the right amount of insulin in the bloodstream to help get glucose to cells. Type 1 diabetes is the illness where the body stops making insulin, while Type 2 diabetes the insulin does not work properly. High blood sugar is the cause of insulin not helping glucose enter cells and thus it remains in the blood.

Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) has many different causes:

Carbohydrates: Eating a lot of carbohydrates results in them not being processed fast enough and the glucose remains in the bloodstream.

Insulin control: it is vital for the pancreas to produce insulin, and for the person suffering from diabetes to control every aspect that is directly related to blood sugar.

Low levels of exercise: daily exercise is a critical part in controlling you blood sugar

Other medications: certain drugs, such as steroids, often make blood sugar levels rise.

High blood sugar symptoms: dry mouth, thirst, frequent urination, urination at night, blurry vision, dry itchy skin, fatigue, weight loss.

These symptoms over time if the level of blood sugar is not taken care of, and can evolve into: difficulty breathing, dizziness when standing , increased drowsiness and confusion, uncosciousnees or coma.

If the symptoms are not treated they can lead to a serious condition called ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis is the result of the body not having enough insulin to process glucose into energy, so it starts burning down fats for energy. While fat is being broken down, ketones are released as a by product. Ketones in the bloodstream induce nausea, headache, fatigue and vomiting. Ketoacidosis is a very serious life-threatening condition and requires immediate medical attention. Ketones are eliminated via urine, therefore urine must be checked for ketones every time your blood sugar is high that 250mg/dL to determine if you are experiencing ketoacidosis. Symptoms include: shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, dry mouth., breath that smells fruity, and stomach pain.

Checking you blood sugar daily is a vital part of keeping you blood sugar under control.

If there are no other illness that can affect you blood sugar level, that level can be easily kept under control. There are a few but vital aspects to closely follow and monitor to ensure that you blood sugar is under control:

  1. Prescribed medicine should be taken on schedule,
  2. Regular meals and a diet are mandatory
  3. Drinking sugar free and caffeine free liquids.
  4. Checking you blood sugar four times a day
  5. Daily exercise
  6. Know what to do if complications arise such as ketoacidosis

Patients with Type 2 diabetes should get a hemoglobin ac1 test every three months. This test shows in detail the sugar levels for the past three months. People with diabetes should maintain a level of 7% or under at each test. Levels above 7% are cause by not keeping up with properly maintaining your blood sugar level.

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