Eye Injuries

Eye injuries are very common in our daily lives. Simple things such as getting a speck of dirt in your eye, soap washing into your eye or an accidental bump are minor injuries an eye can sustain. For these types of injuries, home treatment is the most common solution.
Certain sports and activities have different risk factors for eye injuries:

1. Sporst such as wrestling, martial arts and boxing have a very high-risk

2. Sports such as baseball, football, tennis, fencing, and squash have a high-risk

3. Sports that include no body contacts or the use of a ball or raquet such as swimming or aerobics have a very low risk

Blows to the eye:

The most common way to recognize a blow to the eye would be a black eye. Blow to the eye area can damage the skin and other tissues around the eye, eyeball and the eye socket, or even cut the eyelid. Its important to carefully examine everything around the eye in the case of a blow to the eye.

Burns to the eye:

The eye can also be damage by burns. Several things can burn the eye such as, chemicals, fumes, hot air or steam, sunlight, tanning lamps, electric hair curlers or driers, or welding equipment. Bursts of flame can also damage the eye and the area around it.

Chemical burns: they occur if things such as solid chemicals, liquid chemicals, acids, alkali chemicals, or chemicals fumes enter the eye. In this case most substances are not harmful if they are flushed out with water immediately after they have gotten into the eye.

Sunlight: very bright sunlight can also burn the eye in some cases, especially if it is reflecting of snow or water. There can be avoided by wearing sunglasses that block out the harmful UV(ultraviolet) rays. Looking directly into the light from welding equipment cand also damage the eye, along with the light from tanning beds.


Foreign objects in the eye:

Common things such as makeup, contact lenses, dirt and other things can cause eye irritation and sometimes injury. There objects may very well scratch the cornea, or become stuck in the eye itself. Most corneal scratches heal on their own in a couple of days, even if they cornea may feel painful after the foreign object is removed.

Eye injures are also most commonly cause by objects travelling at high speed that hit the eye. Small objects flying from a lawn mower, grinding whell or certain tools, can seriously damage the eye. They can cause bleeding and even puncture the eye, and they require medical attention.

Car airbags deploying also can seriously damage the eye, with the blow from the airbag itself, foreign objects flying in the car entering the eye, and the chemicals in the airbag burning the eye.

Eye injuries can easily be prevented by wearing protective eye wear, especially when working with power tools, chemicals and other dangerous equipment. Any activity that can result in an object or a harmful substance getting in your eye should be done using protective eye wear. If an eye injury does occur you need to watch our for changes in your vision or symptoms of an infection, because a simply injury could get worse if left untreated.

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