The thyroid gland carcinoma

According to the American Cancer Society, the exact cause of anaplastic thyroid cancer is unknown. However, there are some detectable risk factors related to developing this cancer.

 

Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare but very aggressive thyroid cancer.

Early symptoms of these diseases are felt because of the speed with which it develops and grows. Among the most common symptom seen are cough, cough and bleeding, difficulty to swallow, hoarseness or changing of the voice, noisy breathing, etc.. The disease most commonly affects people over 60 years and occurs more often in men than in women. It is a highly invasive form of cancer and cancer often spreads to the lymph nodes, trachea, lungs, bones and other body parts. Unfortunately, most patients do not survive the disease more than a few months after diagnosis. After five years, the survival rate is less than 5 percent. Initial symptoms of this form of cancer include a lump in throat, difficulty in breathing and sore throat. These symptoms are due to thyroid tumor that grows and press on the trachea. Any of the above symptoms may indicate the presence of carcinoma and medical assistance should be requested as soon as possible.

After a physical exam, either a MRI or CT scan can be useful in order to confirm or infirm the presence of the tumor. Then a sample for biopsy is needed to see the exact nature of the tumor.

Regarding treatment, there are several possible options. However, the most effective option is surgical extraction of the thyroid gland. In addition, radiation-based therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy or iodine-based treatment may also have positive results. Iodine therapy is used to destroy cancer cells within the thyroid gland. Normally, the thyroid attracts iodine and absorbs it. Chemotherapy is usually used in combination with external beam radiation therapy. This method helps to slow the growth of cancer cells but not to destroy them. EBRT is a treatment method that uses external radiation to kill cancer cells using a beam with a large amount of energy to destroy cancerous cells that are growing within the thyroid gland.

All treatment combinations offer the same survival rate. The benefits are seen mainly in patients whose disease was discovered in time and which did not extend to thyroid gland and other organs nearby.

The risk of complications can also occur. If you try excessive fragmentation local complications may occur like for example permanent hypoparathyroidism or laryngeal nerve paralysis. Obstruction of the respiratory system is also possible . If anaplastic carcinoma has also developed in the trachea, patients require a surgical tracheostomy into the trachea to insert a tube to help them breathing. This intervention is not required in other forms of thyroid cancer.

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