Osteoporosis is a problem that affects the health of the bones in people who are getting older, in the sense that people who suffer from it are more prone to fractures.
As the name indicates, osteoporosis is a disease that affects bone density, which affects bone resistance to shocks and trauma.
Osteoporosis is easy to diagnose: there are tests available that can indicate the strength level of the bones, by measuring density.
Osteoporosis can be caused by other diseases, medication, diet and is not influenced only by age. Treatments can now slow and stop the disease from getting worse.
After the age of 30, bone tissue is replaced at a slower rate than it is lost. Thus, bones become thinner and more porous, as their inner structure changes. .
A person cannot tell if they suffer from osteoporosis because there are no visible symptoms. The best thing a person can do is pay a visit to the doctor and take an osteoporosis test or else they cannot know if they are suffering from this disease until they break a bone.
Osteoporosis increases dramatically the risk of breaking a bone from experiencing only a minor shock, such as a fall. Therefore, because some fractures can lead to chronic pain and severe complications, or even death (spine or hip fractures), it is very important to treat this disease so it doesn’t get worse than it is.
Among the main causes for osteoporosis are: older age, ethnic background, bone structure, family history, experiencing a minor trauma and fracturing a bone as a result, hormone deficiency, smoking, drinking, inadequate diet, taking certain medicine.
When osteoporosis sets in, there are visible symptoms, such as height loss and curbed spine.
about 75 million people have osteoporosis in Europe, USA and Japan and in USA only, according to estimations, until 2020 there will be 14 million patients. A worrying fact is that osteoporosis is being diagnosed in people of ever younger age.
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