Hypothyroidism - useful info

If you’re worried that you suffer from hypothyroidism, there are two main factors that you need to take into consideration: age and sex. The chances of having hypothyroidism are higher as you get older, especially in women. Hypothyroidism has the highest incidence among women over 50 years.


Besides age and sex, the risk of suffering from this condition increases if:

– There are people in your family who have faced this issue or another type of autoimmune disorder

– You are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis, or another type of autoimmune disorder

– You took antithyroidian drug treatment (treatment for hyperthyroidism) or have been treated with radioactive iodine (treatment for thyroid cancer)

– you underwent surgery for prevention or treatment of thyroid gland

It is very important to understand risk factors as this will help your doctor to decide whether to take the test to confirm or infirm the diagnosis of hypothyroidism. However, even if there are risk factors this does not necessarily mean that you will develop hypothyroidism. Also, the absence of risk factors does not guarantee that you will never have hypothyroidism.

If not treated in time, hypothyroidism can advance and cause a variety of complications. If you are pregnant and suffering from diseases of the thyroid gland that are not treated appropriate, your child is exposed to significant risk of having birth defects. Children born by mothers who were affected by thyroid disorders and who were not treated at birth can have serious mental and development problems because thyroid hormones are vital for brain development. Fortunately, if the disease is discovered in time the child can be treated.

If the thyroid gland becomes enlarged in the effort to produce an adequate amount of hormones, excessive stimulation becomes evident in the neck area.

Even in the less severe forms, hypothyroidism has a negative effect on cardiac activity. A thyroid gland that does not work at normal capacity increases the risk of developing heart disease as level of cholesterol raises. This eventually leads to hardening of the arteries, which can lead to heart attack.

Infertility is another complication that can be caused by hypothyroidism, because it affects ovulation and decreases the chances that a woman can have babies. Even with adequate treatment for hypothyroidism, there is no guarantee that these women will regain their ability to procreate.

Also, if left untreated hypothyroidism can lead to serious mental illnesses such as depression or mental regression.

Extreme hypothyroidism can affect the body by slowing viral functions until the patient end into coma. Symptoms of this form of hypothyroidism are exhaustion, cold intolerance, etc.

The main element in preventing complications of hypothyroidism is to understand the symptoms and get help from a doctor. This condition must be kept under strict control in order to have a normal life.

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