Hypertension causes

Hypertension is one of the most common diseases also known as high blood pressure. Doctors recognize 2 two types of hypertension : primary and secondary . The first type is also called essential and has no main cause.
It simply develops alone, along many years. The second type appears from nowhere and in general the blood pressure is higher than in the first case. The causes of secondary hypertension may be : medications such as : cold remedies, birth control pills, decongestants, some pain relievers; tumors of the adrenal glands; kidney problems; drugs : amphetamine, cocaine; congenital defects; renin-producing tumor. There are some vascular problems that can cause this condition like: collagen-vascular disease and coarctation of aorta. Very rare endocrine problems may lead to secondary hypertension, especially steroid administration (exogenous), or other hormonal disorders. Among the endogenous hormonal situations that may cause this illness are: pheochromocytoma, cushing syndrome. Brain tumor and, intracranial hypertension, and bulbar poliomyelitis. Sometimes secondary hypertension may appear because acromegaly, hypercalcemia, obstructive sleep apnea.

When a patient has chronic first type hypertension, and the blood pressure is rising extremely quick and with apparently no good reason, this is the case of hypertensive emergencies. Other possible causes for this situation are: drug incompatibilities like : monoamine oxidase inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants or tyramine; systemic lupus erythematosus, tubulointerstitial nephritis.

Besides this causes, there are also a lot of risk factors that can lead to hypertension, maybe that’s why this is one of the most common condition round the world. The risk of suffering from hypertension is proportional with age. Women are more prone to this condition after menopause. A person can inherit this health problem if someone in the family has it . Black people are more likely to develop hypertension. Smoking is an important risk factor because tobacco rises the blood pressure immediately and can also harm artery walls. Eating very salty also may cause blood pressure problems. Studies show that people with weight problems or those who don’t have physical activity frequently suffer from hypertension. A good help in dealing with blood pressure is the use of potassium in food. Where is not enough potassium, sodium accumulate. Another hypertension’s enemy is vitamin D . A common cause of modern active people is stress. High stress level often means high blood pressure. Also the way that generally people try to kill stress: smoking, eating are also important causes of hypertension . Pregnancy may also came together with high blood pressure .

Even though this illness is common in adult patients children may suffer from it too because of the wrong diet and no physical activity .

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