Uterine fibroids

Types of Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are also called leiomyomas or myomas and are in fact tissue that grows out of the muscle of the uterus. The fibroids can develop inside the uterus, outside it or attached to it. Fibroids have different development rates, for example, a woman can have many small fibroids or one big one, that can fill the entire uterus.

Causes

Women of 30 to 40 years of age present a higher risk of developing uterine fibroids. The direct cause of these formations is not fully known. Fibroids may originate in misplaced cells before birth. Fibroids growth rate is influenced by the hormone level: high estrogen and progesterone levels can lead to the growth of fibroids, while entering menopause can lead to their shrinkage.

Symptoms

Uterine Fibroids may cause : changes in menstruation, pain, a feeling of pressure in the pelvic area, abdomen modifies its shape, spontaneous abortions, infertility. These symptoms are not entirely specific to fibroids so a medical check-up is required to establish the diagnosis accurately.

Complications

The majority of fibroids are not a serious health risk, but some of them can lead to complications, especially if they or it is very large in size.

Diagnosis

A pelvic exam can determine the presence of uterine fibroids. In order to examine them more thoroughly, a series of tests can be performed, such as: ultrasonography, hysteroscopy, hysterosalpingography, sonohysterography, ultrasonography and laparoscopy.

Treatment

Some uterine fibroids do not necessitate treatment, and may even not present symptoms. Even if symptoms may not be severe certain signs may require treatment: the pain can be relieved with certain medications but it does not treat the cause, only alleviates the effect, so, eventually, surgery might be needed. Also hormonal treatment can influence the size and growth rate of fibroids.

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