Psoriasis – treatment
Rarely, psoriasis can disappear without performing any treatment. Moderately severe and severe forms of psoriasis should be treated accordingly to relieve symptoms and prevent complications. The purpose of the treatment is to reduce the symptoms and to improve the patient’s life .
The treatment of mild forms of psoriasis begins with the use of lotions specifically designed to keep skin soft and hydrated. Most products used to treat psoriasis can be easily purchased without a prescription and are administered without any special problems. Among them we can find: shampoos, oils, sprays, used to treat psoriatic plaques appeared on the scalp, options, and ointments, used for proper skin hydration, ointments for the treatment of psoriatic nail lesions.
When the illness is severe in order to help the lotions and ointments to have the wanted effect pills are prescribed. Are often used anti-inflammatory drugs like corticosteroids in order to relieve the itching. The corticosteroids low in force is recommended to be used on sensitive parts of the body like: face or skin folds. The long use of these products may affect the skin.
Anthralin is also used in psoriasis treatment but it can produce skin allergies. In order to slow down the cells growth doctors prescribe vitamin D analogues. Made from petrol and coal, the coal tar reduces irritations and the need to scratch, and the inflammations. It is thought to be one of the oldest treatments of this condition. Another solution for relieving psoriasis’s symptoms is : salicylic acid, this is also good for the scalp.
It is very important to avoid the factors that may aggravate psoriasis like: stress, skin injuries, especially burns, avoiding infections, stop drinking alcohol.
Some ointments and creams can be used alone or in combination with phototherapy (ultraviolet light therapy) in maintenance treatment of psoriasis in his light forms.
If the treatment involves phototherapy (brief exposure to UV ultraviolet Type B, known as UVB), medical supervision is necessary to avoid possible side effects that may occur when useing this type of therapy (lesions, skin burns). The light therapy includes: UVB phototherapy (artificial light), sunlight (UV reduce scaling and inflammation.), narrowband UVB therapy (2, times a week until the skin gets better), photochemotherapy, or psoralen plus ultraviolet A (before the patient exposes himself to UVA light he takes a light-sensitizing medication); pulsed dye laser that destroys the vessels that cause the plaques.
There are situations when the doctor will recommend drugs like Methotrexate (helps the decreasing of skin cells) , Cyclosporine (as a side effect this may causes cancer), Thioguanine (as a side effect it can cause anemia). Generally this type of treatment is used only when the situation is severe, in less severe forms of psoriasis the topical creams and ultraviolet light therapy is preferred.
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