Psoriasis – symptoms

The symptoms most commonly seen in psoriasis are the following : small bleeding areas, crusts located on the scalp, red skin areas often found near elbows, knees, scalp, hands, and legs; itching, especially when the illness has evolved.

Nail changes are seen at about 50% of patients with psoriasis. Among these changes are found: the toenails and sometimes the hand nails become yellow, the nail detaches from the root, and small nail spots appear.

Some symptoms that are not so often spotted but they do occur in cases of psoriasis are : plaques of raised skin in mirror, for instance when they are seen in both elbows and both knees, skin lesions similar with water drops, also called guttate psoriasis. This type of psoriasis is rather rare, it occurs in about 10 % of cases.

There are symptoms like: joint pain, arthritis, joint stiffness, joint swelling with reduced mobilitt, periarticular edema that occur only in case of psoriatic arthritis which is also very rare.

Other types of psoriasis are: pustular psoriasis (blisters filled with yellow liquid), inverse psoriasis, palmoplantar psoriasis that affects mainly the palms.

In case of psoriasis appear genital problems very often on the head of the penis.

Koebner phenomenon may occur in some people with psoriasis who have suffered an injury, the burnt or cut themselves or they have an injury caused by excessive exposure to sunlight. This phenomenon appears on a region of skin unaffected until then by psoriasis. Psoriatic lesions appear about a few days or two weeks after the injury. Because this phenomenon is quite commonly encountered in clinical practice, people with psoriasis are advised to avoid possible skin injuries and excessive sun exposure.

The psoriasis that affects the scalp it may take the form of excessive dandruff, and red spots. Scalp psoriasis may be easily mistaken with seborrhea because they look very much the same, but the good news is that the treatment for both conditions is almost the same.

It has to be mentioned that there are several skin diseases with symptoms and skin lesions similar to those occurring in psoriasis for example: fungal infections, bacterial Staph infections, yeast infections, and skin irritation. Also, some drugs can cause skin reactions (skin red, bold), similar to psoriasis plaques.

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