Hypothyroidism diagnosis

Correct diagnosis depends on the following factors:

– Symptoms: The symptoms are not specific to hypothyroidism. Most of the symptoms are not due to appear in case of hypothiroidism and many of them can lead the phisician to other diseases and a misdiagnosis . One way to determine if a symptom is a sign of hypothyroidism is to review whether it is a recent one or if the patient dealt with if for a long period of time already (in this case the diagnosis of hypothyroidism is more likely).

– Family medical history: the doctor should be informed of any changes in patient’s health status, which could suggest a possible slowdown in activity body. It is also imperative for the health care provider to know whether the patient underwent an intervention of any kind on the thyroid gland, neck radiation to treat cancer or if he used any drugs that can cause hypothyroidism. In addition, hypothyroidism is a hereditary condition.

– Physical examination: The doctor will check for any changes in the thyroid gland in terms of size, heart rate, the reflexes, etc.

– Blood test: There are two specific blood tests used to diagnose hypothyroidism: a: TSH test, a very important test in diagnosing . Measures the necessary amount of thyroxine thyroid hormone. A high level of TSH test means thediagnosis of hypothyroidism. 2: T4 test.

Treatment

Hypothyroidism can not be cured, but nearly all patients have this condition under controlled. The negative effects of the disease are treated with the replacement of the hormone needs that the thyroid gland cannot provide in order tobring TSH and T4 levels up to normal. Therefore, even if the thyroid gland does not function properly, this replacement ensures smooth operation of body functions. Thyroxine medications contain exactly the thyroid hormones that would have been produced naturally with the only difference that they are sintethically made.The only side effect that may occur while administrating this substance can appear only if it is not used in the proper quantity. If it’s too little, is hypothyroidism. If it’s too much, it will trigger symptoms of hyperthyroidism: physical exhaustion, insomnia, increased appetite, nervousness, tremors, weight loss, muscle strength, respiratory problem, fast heart rate. In this case, the patient is advised to repeat TSH test. In any case, this test should be repeated every 6-10 weeks each time drug dose changes.

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