Anxiety Disorders – Overview

Most commonly anxiety disorders will be considered as psychiatric disorders. Ninety percent of the patients that suffer from an anxiety disorder will experience physical symptoms that will have a clear connection will the state of anxiety and other induced negative states of mind. Although this is a clear problem that will need treatment and medication, this type of illness will go unnoticed and unrecognized, despite the high relevance rates of the anxiety disorders.
There have been a classification made by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Forth Edition, Text Revision (DSM –IV-TR) leaving us with a clear view on this type of illness:

 

  • Substance-induced anxiety disorder
  • Anxiety due to a general medical condition
  • Panic disorder
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD
  • Acute stress disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD
  • Adjustment disorder with anxious features
  • Social phobia, in the context of as social anxiety disorder

Specific phobia that will refer to a simple phobia that may include: fear of cats ( ailurophobia), fear of dogs (cynophobia), fear of spiders ( arachnophobia), fear of bees (apiphobia), fear of snakes (ophidiophobia), or many types of environmental fears like fear of water (hydrophobia), of heights (acrophobia), fear of thunderstorms (astraphobia), fear of pain (algophobia), or of being beaten (rhabdophobia); situational types for instance fear of flying (pteromerhaphobia), of enclosed spaces, elevators or any other type.

These types of disorders appear when an interaction of biopsychosocial factors convene, also including the genetic vulnerability of a person, which interacting with stress, situations or trauma will lead a significant medical anxiety disorder. Depending solely on what type of anxiety disorder the patient will suffer from, symptoms will very as well, being specific to various types this being an advantage when it comes to early treatment.

Nowadays there are almost forty million people only in the United States that suffer from anxiety disorders, which will cause them to be filled with uncertainty and fearfulness. A stressful event such as speaking in public or the very first date will not make have the bearings of an anxiety disorder, needing at least six months for the symptoms to be permanent and if this type of illness will not e treated it can get worse, developing a series of linked disorders.

Most of the anxiety disorders will have different symptoms and different outcomes but the common denominator here will be a cluster of excessive dread and irrational fear. Most patients end up having this type of illness after experiencing some time of emotional blockage due to a high stressful situation or the loss of a loved someone, hard childhoods or familial breakage. When around a patient that suffers from such a disease it is best to use a soothing tone and if episode occurs try to have that person in a clear open space with lots of fresh air.

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